Medical Research for curing HIV/AIDS

At this point of time, there is no cure for HIV or AIDS. No doubt the anti-retroviral treatment facilitates in suppressing the HIV infection and delays the related illness for many years but they just do not clear the body from the virus completely.

Medical ResearchBut optimism and hope is there that an authentic medicine for the HIV treatment will soon be developed like in next few decades. A new strategy has been developed towards finding a cure that involves the policy makers, scientists, funders as well as people living with HIV.

Possibility of a functional cure for AIDS:

The results of a study that was released in 2012, that involved 14 French people living with HIV has been one of the indicators that a functional cure for HIV is possible. These people started taking anti-retroviral soon after they knew that they had been infected. After three years, these people stopped taking their ARVs and therefore their HIV infection should have resurged. But in fact, they stopped taking the medicine and still they were successful in maintaining lowered levels of virus in their immune system for an average of seven years.

The disease has been seen to be cured in infants. In March 2013, a Mississippi baby was born with HIV and he was given high doses of three anti-retroviral drugs right after he was delivered and he was cured from the disease. In March 2014, it was reported that a baby in California was born with HIV. He too was cured from the disease because doctors gave him anti-retroviral treatment four hours after he was delivered. At the same time, it is worth stating here that a detectable level of HIV that was found in Mississippi baby was a serious blow to the progress towards a functional cure.

Purging the HIV reservoir:

Researchers believe that best way to eradicate the HIV infection is to combine the anti-retroviral treatment drugs to flush the HIV from its hiding places within the body of the person. The idea is to activate the resting CD4 cells that are infected and then they will initiate the production of the new HIV particles. These newly activated cells will be destroyed by the immune system of the body and the anti-retroviral will mop up the released HIV.

Bone marrow transplants:

In November 2008, a couple of German doctors announced that they have successfully cured a patient of HIV infection via bone marrow transplant. They used cells from donor with a genetic mutation that is rare and called Delta 32 producing resistance to AIDS. The researchers reported after 20 months of the treatment that there have been no traces of HIV in the person. Still bone marrow transplant is seriously dangerous and expensive to be used as a cure widely.

Gene therapy:

Gene therapy is also known to resist the HIV infection. In 2014, a trial that was using gene-editing techniques cured a gene in the immune system of 12 people living with this infection. But then again due to its invasive nature of stem cell treatment, it is not feasible for majority of people to use this as a cure against AIDS.


People living with HIV naturally respond to the virus by producing antibodies against it. Though antibodies of most of the people remain unable to destroy the HIV causing infection but immune systems can produce a number of small cells to resist the AIDS virus.

A multistage approach:

It has been argued largely that by combining various treatments may lead to the successful cure for AIDS. Reservoir purging drugs combined with the treatments targeting the HIV infected cells with vaccines intercepting the remaining HIV infected cells might prove to be more effective.

Funding for research:

Top institutes of the world are engaged in finding a cure for the HIV or AIDS. So, it is worth mentioning that more funding is required in this field. In case you want to know more about what is being done in UK about this issue, you must visit the following link leading to Governments policies related to research for curing HIV.

Recent important news concerning HIV and AIDS

A report published by Public Health England showed that there are nearly 110,000 people who are residing in UK with HIV. Among these carriers, some of these are not even aware of the fact that they are infected with HIV. They are at a risk of transmitting or passing on the virus to other people via unprotected sex. At the same time, proportion of people infected with HIV has been seen to be decreased from 57% to 42% from 2004 to 2014.

In addition, it has also been revealed that 6% of gay people are living with HIV which has risen by 13% along with the 3,250 newly diagnosed in 2014. It has been estimated that around 7,000 gay men have the HIV infection that is undiagnosed and among these 2,800 men acquired this during the year 2013.

All these stats points towards increasing the number as well as frequency of HIV tests when t comes to tackling the high levels of HIV infections and transmission.

Life expectancy:

A study in 2014 found that HIV carrying people live a successful life in UK. But normal life expectancy varies from person to person depending upon several factors like CD4 count, sex, lifestyles etc.
Public awareness about HIV infection:

Though rising trends of people getting infected with HIV through sex has been observed overall public knowledge about the AIDS and HIV appears to have been reduced. IN 2000, 91% of the people were aware of the fact that sex transmits HIV but by the end of year 2010, this figure was seen to fall to 80% and by the end of year 2014, this ratio has been declined to below public radar.

HIV Transmission routes:

A report in 2013 reported that 51% of HIV transmission resulted due to sex between men, 45% through heterosexual, 2% via injecting drugs usage and less than 2% was due to mother to child transmission, blood/tissue transfer or any other undetermined routes. Routes of HIV transmission in UK are as follows:

• Heterosexual
• Men having sex with men and HIV/AIDS
• Injecting drugs
• Mother to children
• HIV infected tissue/blood transfer

Prevention of HIV/AIDS:

Sexual transmission:

When one person is HIV positive and the other is negative, then one can make use of the preventions such as condoms to prevent the transmission of infection.

Men having sex with men:

Gay men are the main focus of the HIV prevention campaigns as they have found to be infected largely.

People injecting drugs:

A lot of media coverage has also been given to people who inject drugs. It is because drug addicts may share the same needle to inject drugs. In this way, HIV is transferred from one person to another.

In short, it is stated that the government is very much serious about HIV or AIDS. One of the reasons may be that people do not even realise that they are being infected with HIV and become a risky source of transmitting this disease to other people. Moreover, there is no cure to this disease so far and its treatment is expensive. Therefore steps are being taken in order to ensure that people have been properly educated about several facts related to the disease that may facilitate the person in preventing the HIV infection.

In order to read more about HIV related news in UK you must visit and read a report in 2014 about HIV.