People with HIV are capable of living longer and healthy lives by having proper and timely treatment. It has been observed that ever since HIV has been reported, significant research and development has taken place in this field. It is due to this research and development that nowadays we see almost 20 approved anti-retroviral drugs to treat the ailment. Regardless of this fact, people who are HIV positive are coming across a number of barriers while trying to access efficient and affordable HIV treatment.
No doubt taking HIV treatment needs commitment and efforts. It is because the drugs are supposed to be taken at exact timings on daily basis. At times people may not successfully respond to certain drugs while side effects of the drugs may be also present. Good treatment, support and care can help to facilitate people during the HIV treatment.
HIV antiretroviral drug treatment:
Antiretroviral drug treatment is known to be the main type of treatment for HIV or AIDS. Though it is not a cure, it stops people from falling severely ill for a number of years. This treatment involves the use of medication on a daily basis for the rest of his or her life.
The aim of this treatment is to maintain the amount of HIV in the body at a lower level. It facilitates in stopping the weakness of the body’s immune system. Also it allows recovery from all kinds of damages that HIV might have already caused to the affected person.
The drugs that are used for the treatment are usually named as ARVs, anti-AIDS drugs, antiretroviral or anti-HIV.
Combination therapy is defined as taking two or more than two antiretroviral at the same time. Taking combination of three or more anti-HIV drugs at times is named as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART).
This therapy is adopted because as in cases where only one drug is taken the HIV would develop resistance against it in no time and the drug will not have positive effects on the body. Therefore when a combination of antiretroviral is taken then rate of the resistance is reduced that makes the treatment to be effective in long run.
First and second line therapy:
The combination of the drugs that is given to the patient in the beginning of the treatment is called first line therapy. As soon as the body develops resistance against the combination of the antiretroviral or if side effects cause issues for the patient then a change is recommended and it is called second line therapy.
Accessing the HIV treatment:
People with HIV need treatment and therefore they are recommended to get proper care from a specialist. These specialists can be accessed at any HIV clinic or any local genitourinary medicine clinic. The British HIV association also encourages the involvement of GP in HIV care.
Side effects of the HIV treatment:
There are certain side effects of the treatment for AIDS or HIV. In case you are taking treatment for this ailment and you are facing certain side effects, then you must consult a physician on immediate basis. He will try a new combination of antiretroviral to treat the disease.
Common side effects of the treatment against HIV include the following:
• Sleep difficulties
• Skin rashes
If you would like to know more about HIV and AIDS treatment, medication and care then you may visit the official website for details related to clinical management of HIV or AIDS. It will give you detailed information related to the HIV treatment and drugs.